Be careful during self-driving tours in spring and get prepa
category：Outdoor Knowledge release time：2021-04-02 01:53 Browse： 次
Ticks commonly known as "grass crawls", is an oval insect, it is reddish-brown or grayish-brown, oval, flat back abdomen, from the size of sesame grains to rice grains, after feeding up the blood, it swelled like soybeans.Unlike fleas, mosquitoes and other blood-sucking insects, ticks mainly invade the skin of the human body and then burble into the body of people or animals, making it difficult to pull them out.
Tick bite cases have appeared in many places across the country. Experts warn against forcibly removing tick bites
It's a good season for spring outings, but it's also tick season.Recently, there have been cases of people being bitten and even nearly killed by ticks while traveling or doing farm work across the country.Experts warned yesterday that tick activity is high right now.They are only two millimeters in size, but when fed on human blood, they suddenly increase by more than 10 times.Many wild ticks carry multiple viruses and have repeatedly killed people.Therefore, when traveling for an outing, you should avoid sitting and lying on the grass for a long time and being bitten by ticks. Do not forcibly remove it and seek medical advice in time.Don't go into the grass after the rain.
The incubation period for tick bite is up to one month
A woman with a high fever after being bitten by a tick while she was doing farm work in a field in Jiangxi province recently had to receive emergency treatment to escape her life-threatening condition.
According to Professor Jie Shenghua, chief physician of the Department of Infection at Wuhan Union Medical College Hospital, there is a high incidence of tick-borne diseases in spring every year, mainly because ticks like humid environment and become active as the temperature rises.Tickosis causes fever and multiple organ failure, with a mortality rate of 20 to 30 percent.At the same time, the disease can also be transmitted from person to person through blood.After being bitten by a tick, some patients will have a wound redness and swelling phenomenon, some wounds are not obvious.
Ticks live on a wide range of animals, including land mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians, such as dogs and cats, which have thinner skin that can't be scratched.
When biting a person, the tick emits a narcotic substance, and then buries its head and chelicerae in the skin of the person to suck blood, which can cause local congestion, edema, acute inflammatory reaction, and can also cause secondary infection.Some ticks in the process of blood feeding, their saliva will secrete neurotoxin, can lead to people's motor fibrous conduction disorders, respiratory failure and even death.
But even if a tick bite shows no symptoms, it's not to be taken lightly, as the incubation period can be more than a month.
Do not forcibly remove ticks bitten by hand
Experts say, traveling for an outing, it is best to wear light color long-sleeved clothes and trousers, wear shoes can cover the whole foot, avoid to wear slippers or sandals, tucked ankle socks or boots to prevent tick comes into contact with the skin, daub on the bare skin and clothes mosqulio repellent containing deet, avoid to use scented cosmetics or skincare products.
On the way out, avoid passing through bushes or grass, touch little plants along the road, avoid resting in bushes, grass or damp and dark places, do not hang clothes on bushes or grass, and do not feed wild or stray animals.Check your body and clothing when you return from a trip, remove attached ticks, shower and wash clothes with soap, and check and clean the body of your pets.
Provincial disease control center experts remind that when the discovery of ticks, whether it is in the human body or animal body surface, do not use the hand directly to forcibly remove, even squeeze broken, to use tweezers or other tools clamp and then burn to death.There's a haustorium stuck in the skin because it can't be treated properly, and if it's severe you have to have a minor operation to remove it.In case of contact with the tick on the skin, especially the discharge after the tick is broken, disinfection should be carried out.
Be especially wary of ticks when keeping pets at home
In addition, many netizens also pointed out that people who have pets at home are more likely to be infected with ticks when they communicate their anti-tick experience.Ms. Fang said that she had two dogs, one of which was listless all day. She sent it to the pet hospital for several injections, but it did not work. After examination, she found traces of tick bites on her body.